How to mix the ‘un-mixable’

Imagine making some liquids mix that do not mix, then unmixing them.

Professor of Clean Technology Colin Raston and the first ‘upsized’ vortex fluidic device at Flinders University.

In one of the grand challenges of science, a Flinders University device which previously ‘unboiled’ egg protein is now unravelling the mystery of incompatible fluids; a development that could enhance many future products, industrial processes and even the food we eat.

Using the highly advanced rapid processing techniques possible in the Flinders vortex fluidic device (VFD), the Australian research team has capped off 10 years of research to find a way to use clean chemistry to unlock the mystery of ‘mixing immiscibles’, or finding a new way to make oil and water attract.

This will have applications in a range of global industries – from food processing and nutraceuticals to cosmetics and drug delivery (think more pure and effective fish oil capsules), says Flinders University Professor Colin Raston, senior author in a new paper, published today in Chemical Science.  

“Mixing immiscible liquids is fundamentally important in process engineering and usually involves a lot of energy input and waste products,” says Professor Raston, 2020 SA Scientist of the Year.

“We now demonstrate how this process, using a common solvent and water, can avoid the use of other substance for controlling reactions across immiscible liquids, making it cleaner and greener” says the Professor in Clean Technology.

“Using thin-film microfluidics in combination with high shear flow chemistry and high heat and mass transfer, the rapidly evolving VFD technology is overcoming the mixing limitations of traditional batch processing,” says co-author Matt Jellicoe, also from the Flinders Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology.

“We conducted over 100,000 experiments to establish how liquids mix and what their flow behaviours are at very small nano-meter dimensions,” adds co-author Dr Aghil Igder, also from the Flinders Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology.

Raston Lab researchers, left to right, Matt Jellicoe, Dr Aghil Igder, Professor Colin Raston, Dr Xuan Luo, Zoe Gardner and Clarence Chuah.

As well, the Flinders University team has also upsized the VFD machine (published in American Chemical Society’s Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 2021 DOI:  10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c05534) on experimental biodegradable polymers to start making its organic substances and clean technologies available at scale to suit a range of industries.

The VFD has been used in multiple experiments to produce quality drug elements such as peptides, better fish oil and food products and many other value-adding green chemical processes which can now be replicated in a scaled-up version of the device which has been developed.

Chemical Science (The Royal Society of Chemistry) cover artwork by PhD candidate Zoe Gardner and Dr Xuan Luo (Flinders University).

Vortex fluidic induced mass transfer across immiscible phases’ (2022) by Matt Jellicoe, Aghil Igder, Clarence Chuah, Darryl B Jones, Xuan Luo, Keith A Stubbs, Emily M Crawley, Scott J Pye, Nikita Joseph, Kasturi Vimalananthan, Zoe Gardner, David P Harvey, Xianjue Chen, Filomena Salvemini, Shan He, Wei Zhang, Justin M Chalker, Jamie S Quinton, Youhong Tang and Colin L Raston has been published in Chemical Science (The Royal Society of Chemistry) DOI: 10.1039/D1SC05829K

Collaborators in the project include researchers from Guangzhou University in China, The University of WA, University of Newcastle, ANSTO and Flinders Microscopy and Microanalysis and Flinders Centre for Marine Bioproducts Development at Flinders University. Read more – Manipulating molecules with fluids (Cosmos) 

Acknowledgements: Australian Research Council (DP200101105 and DP200101106), the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, and the Government of South Australia.

 

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Centre for Marine Bioproducts Development College of Science and Engineering Institute for Nanoscale Science & Technology Research Sustainability

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