A novel experiment in juvenile justice produces encouraging results, a Flinders University study reveals.
In a new article in The British Journal of Criminology, the College of Business, Government and Law criminology researchers cite a new model of mutual group support called ‘Yunga Nungas: Future Leaders’ as a positive way to help deter and reduce further offending.
In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders comprise about 3% of the population but represent more than 30% of the adult prison population. High levels of incarceration and social disadvantage can influence serious youth offending and crime in communities.
Punishment, policing, detention and other measures to reduce serious repeat offending by juveniles is often derailed by entrenched behaviours and an offender’s unwillingness to walk away from their co-offending peers.
“This new approach draws upon the power of group dynamics to address serious repeat offending and also puts Aboriginal community mentors and dedicated case workers with lived experience at the forefront,” says Professor Mark Halsey, from the Centre for Crime Policy and Research at Flinders University.
“Above all else, the young men drew strength from each other’s encouragement and were able to build a new positive sense of self, while helping their peers do similar.
“By establishing better communications and options for keeping the ‘desistance process’ alive, our study observed a steady reduction in the frequency and severity of offending in this group over the three years of the study.”
Supported by Metropolitan Aboriginal Youth and Family Services and Department of Human Services, the program involved community elders, police, 24/7 case work and a “culturally safe divergent setting” to set effective ‘co-desistance’ settings, says co-author Jenna Mizzi, from the College of Business, Government and Law at Flinders University.
Ms Mizzi says the willingness of police, courts and social services’ to support this program indicates a desire to try new methods after others have failed.
“With the heavy policing burden, it is unreasonable to expect young offenders to denounce relationships that provide significant social supports while it is possible instead to use this group loyalty as incentives for reform,” she says.
“While there are always risks of relapse or recidivism, this collective approach to ‘co-desisting’ would apply equally in other jurisdictions and to any group, not just those identifying as Aboriginal.”
The article, ‘Co-desistance from crime: Engaging the pro-social dimensions of co-offending’ (2022) by Mark Halsey and Jenna Mizzi has been published in The British Journal of Criminology (Oxford University Press) DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azab123.
Funding: The Yunga Nungas: Future Leaders project was funded by the SA Government Department of Human Services.
Professor Mark Halsey is CI of the Australia Research Council (ARC) Reducing Aboriginal Imprisonment Project. He also is a member of the Justice Reform Initiative in SA.