Encouraging paid workers to employ the ‘right kind’ of respectful personal relationship with young people with disability will lift standards in the sector, experts say.
With good quality relationships, children and young adults with cognitive disability feel “valued, respected and cared about” in their daily lives and, in turn, give carers more job satisfaction and self-respect, international researchers say in a new paper published in the international Disability & Society journal.
The in-depth study of 42 pairs of Australian support workers and young people with disability, led by Flinders University Professor Sally Robinson, recommends a personal care system that focuses on high-quality personalised care which builds “self-esteem, confidence and self-respect” in the young person, as well as the support worker.
The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) can provide increased flexibility by funding people with disability to choose their own care package.
Lead researcher, Flinders Professor of Disability and Community Inclusion Sally Robinson, says there is a pressing need to be able to monitor and support relationships in a strategic and concerted way as support relationships move into increasingly devolved spaces of care under individualised funding policies such as the NDIS.
“It’s a significant and responsible relationship between paid carers and people with disability. It must be a mutually beneficial situation, and one the NDIS care packages can do well with proper guidelines,” Professor Robinson says.
“Caring is only part of the job; respect and valuing the person with disability – to help them realise their capabilities and other needs – must be enhanced by training and leadership from provider organisations employing support workers in our community.
“Careful consideration needs to be given to personal care relationships and how the experience of mutual recognition shapes the identity of people with disability and the professional self-concept of support workers”, she says.
The “dire circumstances” of poor quality of care relationships has come under more scrutiny during COVID-19 social isolation, adds UNSW Sydney co-author Professor Karen Fisher.
“This research found that supporting workers to value the contributions of people with disability in the same way as they treat other people is a protective mechanism for them both.”
The findings, ‘Understanding paid support relationships: possibilities for mutual recognition between young people with disability and their support workers’ (2020) by S Robinson, A Graham , KR Fisher, K Neale, L Davy, K Johnson and E Hall have been published in Disability & Society DOI: 10.1080/09687599.2020.1794797
Professor Robinson’s earlier collaboration with Southern Cross University found that children and young people living with disability face significant barriers making it difficult for them to feel and be safe from harm.
In a previous study, up to half of young people with intellectual disability reported feeling and being safe in care, underpinning the need for greater support resources – both in institutional settings and in individualised care settings funded by the NDIS.
The study titled Feeling safe, avoiding harm: Safety priorities of children and young people with disability and high support needs involved 22 children and young people aged from 7-25 years sharing their perceptions of safety, along with what helps and hinders them feeling safe in their everyday lives.
Up to half of the respondents indicated they felt anxious about their safety and experienced a lack of support during life transitions and complex family issues.
Each participant met with the researchers to be interviewed to share their experience and understanding of personal safety in places they’re engaged with such as schools, sporting clubs, children’s services, orphanages, foster care, residential care, and religious and government organisations
The study was led by Professor Robinson and Professor Anne Graham of SCU and was conducted to inform the work of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse.
- See also, Feeling safe, avoiding harm: Safety priorities of children and young people with disability and high support needs (2020) S Robinson and A Graham published in Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (Sage) DOI: 10.1177/0265407520928581
- Listen to Professor Robinson at a recent Flinders University BRAVE Minds lecture